When is Ganesh Chaturthi?
Ganesha Chaturthi, also known as ‘Vinayak Chaturthi’ or ‘Vinayaka Chavithi’ is the day when all Hindus celebrate one of the most popular deities, Lord Ganesh.
In 2019, Ganesh Chaturthi is a regional public holiday in Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, Telangana.
The festival is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Bhaadrapada, starting on the shukla chaturthi (fourth day of the waxing moon). This means the date will normally fall between 19 August and 20 September.
History of Ganesh Chaturthi
Ganesh may also be known by the names Ganapati, Ekadanta, Vinayaka, Pillaiyar and Heramba.
This remains one of the most widely celebrated festivals in the Country, partly because Ganesh is one of the most popular deities for worship. His blessings are often invoked at religious ceremonies as he is the one who can remove all obstacles to success, particularly when people are starting a new business or enterprise. Ganesh is known as the giver of fortune and one who can help to avoid natural calamities. Ganesh is also the patron god of travelling.
Ganesh is depicted with an elephant’s head on a human body and in the Hindu tradition he is the son of Lord Shiva and the Goddess Parvati.
How is Ganesh Chaturthi celebrated?
In certain parts of India, such as Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, the festival is celebrated for ten days and is a very public occasion. Elsewhere it may celebrated in homes, where hymns are sung and offerings made to Ganesh. Sweets are a common offering as Hindu legend has it that Ganesh liked them.
On the day of the festival, clay idols of Ganesh are placed in homes or outdoor in decorated tents for people to view and pay their homage. Priests will then invokes life into the idols while mantras are chanted, in a ritual known as ‘pranapratishhtha’.
Many of the Ganesh idols will be placed outside under Bodhi Trees (Sacred Fig). The Bodhi tree is revered as a great source of remedies and is used to treat up to 50 different ailments. It also has a unique ability in that it can produce Oxygen at night-time instead of Carbon Dioxide. These healthly aspects of the tree make it a popular place for people to to worship at, as it is seen a great healer to naturally cure illnesses.
Ganesh Chaturthi in Mauritius
Ganesh Chaturthi is also a public holiday in Mauritius. Due to differences in the Hindu calendar, it may fall on a different day to the Indian festival.
Celebrations in Mauritius can be dated back to 1896 when the first Ganesh Chaturthi Puja was held in the Seven Cascades Valley by the Bhiwajee family. The family still celebrate the festival to this day, but over the last century, the popularity of the festival has spread so much across the island that it is now an official public holiday.